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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 190-196

Effect of COVID-19 on awareness and consumption of dietary supplements in Saudi Arabia

Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Sulaiman Abdullah Alshammari
Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh 11461
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jnsm.jnsm_156_20

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Objectives: We aimed to determine the role of the COVID 19 pandemic on dietary supplements' awareness, beliefs and consumption. Methods: A cross-sectional online-based survey distributed through social media was done on 575 participants aged 18 and above and living in Saudi Arabia. The Questionnaire contains sociodemographic, prevalence, type, pattern, and habit of D. S. usage and the effect of COVID-19 on consumption. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 24. Results: The users of D. S. 145 (25.5%), aged between 18 and 25 years old, with higher education levels and higher income. 58% used D. S. before the march, and 66% of D. S. users declared that COVID-19 did not affect their consumption decision. Most D. S. used was vitamins/multivitamins among males and females and were not influenced by anyone to enhance overall health and wellness. D. S. users have used the designated dosage based on the information on the product (43%) and took it randomly without specific time (38%). Our participants agreed on D. S. being harmless, useful, and have an impact on sports performance. They also disagreed on the necessity of D. S. for all ages. Respondents believe Vitamin D is essential for immunity and Vitamin C has a role in cold/flu prevention. Conclusion: Most of our respondents get their information from nonmedical sources even though they displayed the right level of awareness and were mindful of D. S.'s limited role in health during the pandemic.

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