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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 299-307

Stress and psychological consequences of COVID-19 on health-care workers


1 Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt; Department of Psychiatry-NAAFH, Qasim Mental Health Hospital, Boraida, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Medicine, Qasim Mental Health Hospital, Boraida, Saudi Arabia
3 Medical Education and Research Unit -NAAFH, Qasim Mental Health Hospital, Boraida, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Psychiatry-NAAFH, Qasim Mental Health Hospital, Boraida, Saudi Arabia
5 Departemnt of psychiatry, Head of Research Unit, Qasim Mental Health Hospital, Boraida, Saudi Arabia
6 Medical Administration, North Area Armed Forces Hospital, King Khalid Military City, Majmaah, Saudi Arabia
7 Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Majmaah University, Majmaah, Saudi Arabia
8 Department of Medicine, The University Sleep Disorders Center, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
9 Medical Education and Research Unit -NAAFH, Qasim Mental Health Hospital, Boraida; Department of Family Medicine, Medical Education and Medical Bioethics, Imam University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
10 Somnogen Canada Inc., Toronto, ON, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Nevin F W. Zaki
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt or King Khalid Military City, Hafr Elbaten

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JNSM.JNSM_86_20

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Background: The wide scope and spread of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) could lead to a true mental health disaster, especially in countries with high caseloads. Very few studies have assessed the impact on hospital staff. This study aimed to assess mental health changes in health-care workers (Northern Area Armed Forces Hospital-Kingdom of Saudi Arabia). Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. A survey questionnaire was designed and distributed among the participants, and the survey contained demographic questions and questions related to anxiety, worries, and fears, in addition to depressive symptoms and basic sleep profile. In addition, the psychological impacts, feelings, fears of developing COVID-19, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder were assessed using the Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R). Results: The mean age of the staff was 38.2 years. The examined staffs showed high levels of anxiety and depressive features: 19.3% had crying and depressed mood and 2.4% had loss of motivation; they depended mainly on social media as a source of COVID-19 information. Moreover, these features correlated positively with their Post-Traumatic features measured by the IES-R. Nearly 27.3% of the participants had their duty impacted by COVID-19 and 40.6% were affected financially. Conclusion: Our study identified a vulnerable group susceptible to psychological distress. Psychological support could also be included as counseling services and development of support systems among colleagues.


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